Nutritional Issues and Positive Living in Human Immunodeficiency Virus/AIDS

Nurs Clin North Am. 2018 Mar;53(1):13-24. doi: 10.1016/j.cnur.2017.10.002.

Abstract

Nutritional counseling has been shown to improve dietary intake in individuals with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS. Registered dietitians/nutritionists can individualize diet interventions to optimize effectiveness in treating metabolic consequences of the HIV infection or highly active antiretroviral therapy. Nutrition management for individuals infected with HIV can be helpful in maintaining lean body weight, combating oxidative stress, reducing complications from hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia, and managing gastrointestinal function. Consideration should be given to including the expertise of a registered dietitian/nutritionist.

Keywords: Antioxidant; Diabetes; Food safety; Hyperlipidemia; Malabsorption; Nutrition counseling; Oxidative stress.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / therapy*
  • Counseling / methods
  • Humans
  • Nutrition Disorders / prevention & control*
  • Nutritional Requirements*
  • Nutritional Status*
  • Nutritional Support / methods*
  • Patient Education as Topic / methods
  • Quality of Life