Pancreatic gene expression during recovery after pancreatitis reveals unique transcriptome profiles

Sci Rep. 2018 Jan 23;8(1):1406. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-19392-0.


It is well known that pancreatic recovery after a single episode of injury such as an isolated bout of pancreatitis occurs rapidly. It is unclear, however, what changes are inflicted in such conditions to the molecular landscape of the pancreas. In the caerulein hyperstimulation model of pancreatitis, the murine pancreas has the ability to recover within one week based on histological appearance. In this study, we sought to characterize by RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) the transcriptional profile of the recovering pancreas up to two weeks post-injury. We found that one week after injury there were 319 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) compared with baseline and that after two weeks there were 53 DEGs. Forty (12.5%) of the DEGs persisted from week one to week two, and another 13 DEGs newly emerged in the second week. Amongst the top up-regulated DEGs were several trypsinogen genes (trypsinogen 4, 5, 12, 15, and 16). To our knowledge, this is the first characterization of the transcriptome during pancreatic recovery by deep sequencing, and it reveals on a molecular basis that there is an ongoing recovery of the pancreas even after apparent histological resolution. The findings also raise the possibility of an emerging novel transcriptome upon pancreatic recovery.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Ceruletide / adverse effects*
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Gene Expression Profiling / methods*
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Gene Regulatory Networks
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Pancreatitis / chemically induced
  • Pancreatitis / genetics*
  • Regeneration*
  • Sequence Analysis, RNA / methods


  • Ceruletide