Polymorphisms of F2, PROC, PROZ, and F13A1 Genes are Associated With Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion in Chinese Han Women

Clin Appl Thromb Hemost. 2018 Sep;24(6):894-900. doi: 10.1177/1076029617750487. Epub 2018 Jan 24.


Mutations of hemostasis/coagulation-related genes have been speculated to cause recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA). This study investigated the genetic association between the polymorphisms of factor V (F5), factor II (F2), antithrombin (SERPINC1), protein C (PROC), protein S (PROS1), protein Z (PROZ), factor XIII (F13A1), and carboxypeptidase B2 (CPB2) genes and RSA. The 426 patients with RSA and 444 controls were recruited in this study, and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were analyzed by using SNPscan technology. Genotype and allele frequencies of rs3136520 in F2, rs3024731 in PROZ, and rs1050782 in F13A1 showed statistically significant differences between the 2 groups. TT genotype of rs3136520 ( P = .031, odds ratio [OR] = 0.986, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.976-0.997) and AA genotype of rs2069906 in PROC ( P = .021, OR = 0.114, 95% CI = 0.014-0.902) in their recessive models and AG + GG variants of rs1050782 ( P = .007, OR = 0.681, 95% CI = 0.516-0.899) in the dominant model might be associated with the reduced risk of RSA. AT + TT variants of rs3024731 ( P = .010, OR = 1.479, 95% CI = 1.098-1.994) may increase disease susceptibility in dominant model. Haplotype analysis of rs3024731 and rs3024735 in PROZ displayed that the AA and TG haplotype were inclined to decrease and increase the risk of RSA, respectively. These results suggested that rs3136520, rs2069906, rs3024731, and rs1050782 may have a significant association with the genetic susceptibility of RSA in Chinese Han women.

Keywords: genetic susceptibility; recurrent spontaneous abortion; single-nucleotide polymorphisms; thrombophilia.

MeSH terms

  • Abortion, Habitual / epidemiology
  • Abortion, Habitual / ethnology
  • Abortion, Habitual / genetics*
  • Asians
  • Blood Proteins / genetics*
  • China / epidemiology
  • Factor XIII / genetics*
  • Female
  • Haplotypes
  • Humans
  • Models, Genetic*
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide*
  • Protein C / genetics*
  • Prothrombin / genetics*


  • Blood Proteins
  • Protein C
  • plasma protein Z
  • Prothrombin
  • Factor XIII