Balanced chromosomal rearrangements (or balanced chromosome abnormalities, BCAs) are common chromosomal structural variants. Emerging studies have demonstrated the feasibility of using whole-genome sequencing (WGS) for detection of BCA-associated breakpoints, but the requirement for a priori knowledge of the rearranged regions from G-banded chromosome analysis limits its application. The protocols described here are based on low-pass WGS for detecting BCA events independent from chromosome analysis, and has been validated using genomic data from the 1000 Genomes Project. This approach adopts non-size-selected mate-pair library (3∼8 kb) with 2∼3 μg DNA as input, and requires only 30 million read-pairs (50 bp, equivalent to 1-fold base-coverage) for each sample. The complete procedure takes 13 days and the total cost is estimated to be less than $600 (USD) per sample. © 2018 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Keywords: balanced translocations; chromosomal structural rearrangements; inversions; low-pass whole-genome sequencing.
Copyright © 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.