Hypothermic oxygenated machine perfusion reduces bile duct reperfusion injury after transplantation of donation after circulatory death livers

Liver Transpl. 2018 May;24(5):655-664. doi: 10.1002/lt.25023. Epub 2018 Apr 6.


Dual hypothermic oxygenated machine perfusion (DHOPE) of the liver has been advocated as a method to reduce ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI). This study aimed to determine whether DHOPE reduces IRI of the bile ducts in donation after circulatory death (DCD) liver transplantation. In a recently performed phase 1 trial, 10 DCD livers were preserved with DHOPE after static cold storage (SCS; www.trialregister.nl NTR4493). Bile duct biopsies were obtained at the end of SCS (before DHOPE; baseline) and after graft reperfusion in the recipient. Histological severity of biliary injury was graded according to an established semiquantitative grading system. Twenty liver transplantations using DCD livers not preserved with DHOPE served as controls. Baseline characteristics and the degree of bile duct injury at baseline (end of SCS) were similar between both groups. In controls, the degree of stroma necrosis (P = 0.002) and injury of the deep peribiliary glands (PBG; P = 0.02) increased after reperfusion compared with baseline. In contrast, in DHOPE-preserved livers, the degree of bile duct injury did not increase after reperfusion. Moreover, there was less injury of deep PBG (P = 0.04) after reperfusion in the DHOPE group compared with controls. In conclusion, this study suggests that DHOPE reduces IRI of bile ducts after DCD liver transplantation. Liver Transplantation 24 655-664 2018 AASLD.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase I

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Biopsy
  • Cold Temperature*
  • Common Bile Duct / pathology
  • Common Bile Duct / transplantation*
  • Common Bile Duct Diseases / etiology
  • Common Bile Duct Diseases / pathology
  • Common Bile Duct Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Donor Selection*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Liver Transplantation / adverse effects
  • Liver Transplantation / methods*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Necrosis
  • Netherlands
  • Organ Preservation / adverse effects
  • Organ Preservation / instrumentation
  • Organ Preservation / methods*
  • Perfusion / adverse effects
  • Perfusion / instrumentation
  • Perfusion / methods*
  • Reperfusion Injury / etiology
  • Reperfusion Injury / pathology
  • Reperfusion Injury / prevention & control*
  • Risk Factors
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome