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. 2018 Apr;14(4):453-461.
doi: 10.1016/j.soard.2017.12.015. Epub 2017 Dec 19.

Endoscopic Stent Placement for Treatment of Sleeve Gastrectomy Leak: A Single Institution Experience With Fully Covered Stents

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Endoscopic Stent Placement for Treatment of Sleeve Gastrectomy Leak: A Single Institution Experience With Fully Covered Stents

Sara E Martin Del Campo et al. Surg Obes Relat Dis. .

Abstract

Background: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has risen in prevalence as a standalone surgical option for treating obesity over the last 15 years. One of the most worrisome complications is development of a leak at the gastrectomy staple line.

Objective: The objective of this report is to describe our single-institution experience in managing SG staple-line leaks with fully covered endoscopic stents.

Setting: Academic medical center, United States.

Methods: Data for all patients who underwent endoscopic stent placement for an SG leak between 2010 and 2016 at a single academic institution were retrospectively reviewed. Patient medical history, perioperative information, stent placement details, outcomes, and subsequent interventions were recorded.

Results: Twenty-four patients with SG staple-line leaks treated with fully covered endoscopic stents were identified. Leaks were identified at a median of 31.5 days postoperatively (range, 1-1615 d). The majority of patients underwent other treatment(s) for their leak before stent placement at our institution. Stents remained in place for an average of 28.8 ± 16.8 days. Migration occurred in 22% of all stent placements. Three patients were lost to follow-up, and 14 of the remaining 21 patients (66.7%) healed after stent placement. Five patients (23.8%) ultimately required operative revision with partial gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy for management of persistent leaks.

Conclusion: Endoscopic management using fully covered stents for staple-line leaks after SG is effective in the majority of patients. However, algorithms are needed for the management of chronic staple-line leaks, which are less likely to heal with stent placement.

Keywords: Fully covered stent; Leak; Sleeve gastrectomy.

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