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Review
. 2018 Jan 23;44(259):31-35.

[Celiac Disease - Disease of Children and Adults: Symptoms, Disease Complications, Risk Groups and Comorbidities]

[Article in Polish]
Affiliations
  • PMID: 29374421
Review

[Celiac Disease - Disease of Children and Adults: Symptoms, Disease Complications, Risk Groups and Comorbidities]

[Article in Polish]
Emilia Majsiak et al. Pol Merkur Lekarski. .

Abstract

About 1% of human population suffers from celiac disease (CD) and it is one of the most commonly diagnosed autoimmune disorders. Until recently it was believed that CD affects mainly children, but as the newest studies show, up to 60% recently diagnosed patients are adults, often over the age of 60. CD's medical signs are nonspecific. Atypical course of the disease with extraintestinal symptoms is being increasingly observed. The disease may also be asymptomatic over many years. The studies show that the average diagnosis of CD takes more than 10 years since the first symptoms appear. Nonspecific medical signs cause undiagnosed patients suffering from CD to visit gastroenterologists, endocrinologists, allergists, gynaecologists and other medical specialists. However, most frequently general practitioners have the first encounter with patients suffering from CD, therefore they are able to recognize symptoms of the disease at the earliest and refer the patient to a gastroenterologist. Early diagnosis and beginning of the treatment reduce complications of untreated CD. The aim of this paper is to show general practitioners symptoms, disease complications, risk groups and comorbidities of CD.

Keywords: celiac disease; disease complications; risk groups and comorbidities; symptoms.

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