We have studied the reconstitution of basement membrane molecules from extracts prepared from the basement membrane of the EHS tumor. Under physiological conditions and in the presence of added type IV collagen and heparan sulfate proteoglycan, gellike structures form whose ultrastructure appears as interconnected thin sheets resembling the lamina dense zone of basement membrane. The major components of the reconstituted structures include laminin, type IV collagen, heparan sulfate proteoglycan, entactin, and nidogen. These components polymerize in constant proportions on reconstitution, suggesting that they interact in defined proportions. Molecular sieve studies on the soluble extract demonstrate that laminin, entactin, and nidogen are associated in large but dissociable complexes which may be a necessary intermediate in the deposition of basement membrane. The reconstituted matrix was biologically active and stimulated the growth and differentiation of certain cells.