Eyelash extension use among female students in a Tertiary Institution in Nigeria: A study of kaduna polytechnic, Kaduna

Niger J Clin Pract. 2017 Dec;20(12):1639-1643. doi: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_124_17.


Background: Eyelash extensions involve the attachment of synthetic eyelashes made of chemical fibers or other materials onto natural eyelashes. It has become common practice among Nigerian women for various reasons. Aim/Objectives: The aim is to assess eyelash extension use among students of a higher institution in Nigeria, the reasons for its use and related eye complications.

Materials and methods: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study using structured self-administered questionnaire. Stratified sampling technique was used. The key items in the questionnaire were sociodemographic variables, knowledge and use of eyelashes extension, reasons for the use of eyelashes extension and eye symptoms/complications experienced during such use. A total of 310questionnaires were completely and correctly filled. The results were analyzed using SPSS version 23.0 statistical package.

Results: There were 310 respondents; the age range was 16-52 with a mean of 23.0 years ± 4.8. The prevalence of eyelash use was 38.7%. Beauty was the most common reason for lash extension 56.1% (n = 174). Others were curiosity, peer pressure, and replacement therapy. The most common complication was itching 45.8% (n = 142). Others were redness, pain, heavy eyelids, loss of lashes, casting of shadow in vision, tearing, burning sensation, foreign body sensation, and boils (stye) on the eyelid.

Conclusion: Eyelash extension use is popular among young female students of higher institutions commonly for esthetic reasons (often because they desire to become more beautiful). Majority of them experience one ocular symptom or the other. Attention should, therefore, be paid to the potential health risk of the procedure and its use should be made much safer for our women.

MeSH terms

  • Adhesives / adverse effects*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Beauty Culture*
  • Cosmetics / adverse effects*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Eye Diseases / epidemiology
  • Eye Diseases / etiology*
  • Eyelashes*
  • Female
  • Health Facilities
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nigeria
  • Prevalence
  • Students
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult


  • Adhesives
  • Cosmetics