Telomerase recruitment to telomeres and enzymatic processivity are mediated by TPP1, an essential component of telomere integrity and telomerase function. A surface on the OB domain of TPP1 called the TEL patch is critical for TPP1's telomerase-associated functions. Here, we identify a separate region in the N terminus of the OB domain (termed NOB) of TPP1 that, like the TEL patch, is essential for telomerase repeat addition processivity in vitro as well as telomerase recruitment to telomeres and telomere lengthening in cells. Although well-conserved among most mammalian TPP1 homologs, the NOB region in mice is distinct. Swapping the sequence of human NOB into mouse TPP1 allows it to stimulate human telomerase, qualifying NOB as an important determinant of species specificity for TPP1-telomerase interaction. Our studies show that TPP1 NOB is critical for telomerase function and demonstrate that the telomerase interaction surface on TPP1 is more elaborate than previously appreciated.
Keywords: TEL patch; TPP1; shelterin; telomerase; telomerase processivity; telomerase recruitment; telomeres.
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