Receptor Activity Modifying Proteins Have Limited Effects on the Class B G Protein-Coupled Receptor Calcitonin Receptor-Like Receptor Stalk

Biochemistry. 2018 Feb 27;57(8):1410-1422. doi: 10.1021/acs.biochem.7b01180. Epub 2018 Feb 7.


The calcitonin receptor-like receptor (CLR) is a class B G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) that forms the basis of three pharmacologically distinct receptors, the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor, and two adrenomedullin (AM) receptors. These three receptors are created by CLR interacting with three receptor activity-modifying proteins (RAMPs). Class B GPCRs have an N-terminal extracellular domain (ECD) and transmembrane bundle that are both important for binding endogenous ligands. These two domains are joined together by a stretch of amino acids that is referred to as the "stalk". Studies of other class B GPCRs suggest that the stalk may act as hinge, allowing the ECD to adopt multiple conformations. It is unclear what the role of the stalk is within CLR and whether RAMPs can influence its function. Therefore, this study investigated the role of this region using an alanine scan. Effects of mutations were measured with all three RAMPs through cell surface expression, cAMP production and, in select cases, radioligand binding and total cell expression assays. Most mutants did not affect expression or cAMP signaling. CLR C127A, N140A, F142A, and L144A impaired cell surface expression with all three RAMPs. T125A decreased the potency of all peptides at all receptors. N128A, V135A, and L139A showed ligand-dependent effects. While the stalk appears to play a role in CLR function, the effect of RAMPs on this region seems limited, in contrast to their effects on the structure of CLR in other receptor regions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Substitution
  • Animals
  • Binding Sites
  • COS Cells
  • Calcitonin Receptor-Like Protein / analysis
  • Calcitonin Receptor-Like Protein / genetics
  • Calcitonin Receptor-Like Protein / metabolism*
  • Chlorocebus aethiops
  • Cyclic AMP / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Protein Domains
  • Receptor Activity-Modifying Proteins / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Adrenomedullin / metabolism


  • CALCRL protein, human
  • Calcitonin Receptor-Like Protein
  • Receptor Activity-Modifying Proteins
  • Receptors, Adrenomedullin
  • Cyclic AMP