Training approaches for the deployment of a mechanical chest compression device: a randomised controlled manikin study

BMJ Open. 2018 Feb 1;8(2):e019009. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019009.


Objectives: To evaluate the effect of training strategy on team deployment of a mechanical chest compression device.

Design: Randomised controlled manikin trial.

Setting: Large teaching hospital in the UK.

Participants: Twenty teams, each comprising three clinicians. Participating individuals were health professionals with intermediate or advanced resuscitation training.

Interventions: Teams were randomised in a 1:1 ratio to receive either standard mechanical chest compression device training or pit-crew device training. Training interventions lasted up to 1 h. Performance was measured immediately after training in a standardised simulated cardiac arrest scenario in which teams were required to deploy a mechanical chest compression device.

Primary and secondary outcome measures: Primary outcome was chest compression flow fraction in the minute preceding the first mechanical chest compression. Secondary outcomes included cardiopulmonary resuscitation quality and mechanical device deployment metrics, and non-technical skill performance. Outcomes were assessed using video recordings of the test scenario.

Results: In relation to the primary outcome of chest compression flow fraction in the minute preceding the first mechanical chest compression, we found that pit-crew training was not superior to standard training (0.76 (95% CI 0.73 to 0.79) vs 0.77 (95% CI 0.73 to 0.82), mean difference -0.01 (95% CI -0.06 to 0.03), P=0.572). There was also no difference between groups in performance in relation to any secondary outcome.

Conclusions: Pit-crew training, compared with standard training, did not improve team deployment of a mechanical chest device in a simulated cardiac arrest scenario.

Trial registration number: ISRCTN43049287; Pre-results.

Keywords: adult intensive and critical care; clinical trials.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation / instrumentation*
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation / methods
  • Clinical Competence / standards*
  • Emergency Medical Technicians / education*
  • Equipment Design
  • Guideline Adherence*
  • Health Personnel / education*
  • Heart Massage / instrumentation*
  • Heart Massage / methods
  • Humans
  • Manikins
  • Program Evaluation
  • United Kingdom
  • Video Recording

Associated data

  • ISRCTN/ISRCTN43049287