Emergent Start Peritoneal Dialysis for End-Stage Renal Disease: Outcomes and Advantages

Blood Purif. 2018;45(4):313-319. doi: 10.1159/000486543. Epub 2018 Jan 30.


Background/aims: Initiating renal replacement therapy in late referred patients with central venous catheter (CVC) hemodialysis (HD) causes serious complications. In urgent start peritoneal dialysis, initiating peritoneal dialysis (PD) within 14 days of catheter insertion still needs HD with CVC. We initiated Emergent start PD (ESPD) with Automated PD (APD) at our center within 48 h from the time of presentation.

Methods: A prospective, case-controlled, intention-to-treat study with 56 patients was conducted between March 2016 and August 2017. Group A (24 patients) underwent conventional PD 14 days after catheter insertion. Group B (32 patients), underwent ESPD with APD. Exit site leak (ESL), catheter blockage, and peritonitis at 90 days were primary outcomes. Technique survival was secondary outcome.

Results: Baseline characteristics were similar with 3 episodes of ESLs (9.4%) in the study group and none in the control group (p = 0.123). Catheter blockage (16.7%-Group A, 25%-Group B) and peritonitis (none vs. 9.4% in study group) were similar in terms of statistical details just as technique survival (95%-Group A, 88.2%-Group B at 90 days).

Conclusion: ESPD with APD in the unplanned patient is an appropriate approach.

Keywords: Emergent start peritoneal dialysis; Peritoneal dialysis in intensive care unit; Unplanned peritoneal dialysis; Urgent start hemodialysis; Urgent start peritoneal dialysis.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Disease-Free Survival
  • Emergency Medical Services / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / mortality
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / therapy*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Peritoneal Dialysis*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Survival Rate