Muscle and liver transcriptome characterization and genetic marker discovery in the farmed meagre, Argyrosomus regius

Mar Genomics. 2018 Jun;39:39-44. doi: 10.1016/j.margen.2018.01.002. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

Abstract

Meagre (Argyrosomus regius), a teleost fish of the family Sciaenidae, is part of a group of marine fish species considered new for Mediterranean aquaculture representing the larger fish cultured in the region. Meagre aquaculture started ~25years ago in West Mediterranean, and the supply of juveniles has been dominated by few hatcheries. This fact has raised concerns on possible inbreeding, urging the need for genetic information on the species and for an assessment of the polymorphisms found in the genome. To that end we characterized the muscle and liver transcriptome of a pool of meagre individuals, from different families and phenotypic size, to obtain a backbone that can support future studies regarding physiology, immunology and genetics of the species. The assembled transcripts were assigned to a wide range of biological processes including growth, reproduction, metabolism, development, stress and behavior. Then, to infer its genetic diversity and provide a catalogue of markers for future use, we scanned the reconstructed transcripts for polymorphic genetic markers. Our search revealed a total of 42,933 high quality SNP and 20,581 STR markers. We found a relatively low rate of polymorphism in the transcriptome that may indicate that inbreeding has taken place. This study has led to a catalogue of genetic markers at the expressed part of the genome and has set the ground for understanding growth and other traits of interest in meagre.

Keywords: Aquaculture; RNASeq; SNPs; STRs.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Aquaculture
  • Genetic Markers / genetics*
  • Liver / metabolism
  • Muscles / metabolism
  • Perciformes / genetics*
  • Perciformes / metabolism
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
  • Transcriptome*

Substances

  • Genetic Markers