Background: Periodontal disease (PD) and colorectal cancer (CRC) were associated with chronic inflammation. This retrospective cohort study examined the association between PD severity and CRC in a large-scale, population-based Chinese cohort.
Methods: A total of approximately 106,487 individuals with newly diagnosed PD and 106,487 age-matched and sex-matched patients without PD from 2000 to 2002 were identified from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD).
Results: The Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that the cumulative incidence of CRC was significantly higher in patients with PD than in those without PD (log-rank test, P < 0.001). After adjustment for age, sex, and comorbidities, patients with PD were associated with a significantly higher risk of CRC compared with those without PD (adjusted HR = 1.64, 95% CI = 1.50-1.80). Further, the risk of CRC appeared to increase with increasing frequency of PD medical visits [adjusted HR (95% CI) was 1.78 (1.58-2.02) and 1.53 (1.35-1.74) for annual visits > 10 and < 4, respectively].
Conclusion: Based on our study, PD severity was associated with an increase in the risk of CRC. Further mechanistic research is needed.
Keywords: Colorectal cancer (CRC); National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD); Periodontal disease (PD); Retrospective cohort study.