Teaching the science of learning

Cogn Res Princ Implic. 2018;3(1):2. doi: 10.1186/s41235-017-0087-y. Epub 2018 Jan 24.


The science of learning has made a considerable contribution to our understanding of effective teaching and learning strategies. However, few instructors outside of the field are privy to this research. In this tutorial review, we focus on six specific cognitive strategies that have received robust support from decades of research: spaced practice, interleaving, retrieval practice, elaboration, concrete examples, and dual coding. We describe the basic research behind each strategy and relevant applied research, present examples of existing and suggested implementation, and make recommendations for further research that would broaden the reach of these strategies.

Keywords: Education; Learning; Memory; Teaching.

Publication types

  • Review