Diabetes is a complex disease that affects millions of people worldwide. Diabetes is a metabolic disease, in which increased blood glucose levels ultimately lead to heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, foot ulcers, and damage to the eyes. Current prevalence rates of diabetes are extremely high in countries throughout the world. Multiple forms of diabetes have been identified, including type 1, type 2, type 3, neonatal and gestational. The purpose of this article is to discuss recent developments in diabetes research, including prevalence, morbidity and mortality rates, and lifestyle factors that are associated with diabetes onset and progression. This article also discusses how lifestyle factors delay and/or prevent diabetes.