Experienced and Anticipated Pride and Shame as Predictors of Goal-Directed Behavior

J Sport Exerc Psychol. 2017 Dec 1;39(6):438-442. doi: 10.1123/jsep.2017-0011. Epub 2018 Feb 5.


This study examined how experienced and anticipated pride and shame were related to time spent training and effort expended toward training the following week. Participants (N = 158, 76% women; Mage = 35.51, SD = 10.29 years) training for a marathon/half-marathon completed a weekly online questionnaire for 5 weeks leading up to a race. In the multilevel models, time spent training was positively predicted by race proximity, age, and effort expended that week. Effort expended toward training was predicted by the current week's effort, the amount of time spent training that week, and was greater for participants who usually reported experiencing more pride than others. Neither anticipated pride or shame predicted time or effort, nor did experienced shame. The findings indicate that it is functional to foster high levels of pride when training for a long-distance race. Further work is needed to ascertain the relationship between anticipated emotions on goal-directed behavior.

Keywords: effort; multilevel modeling; physical activity; self-conscious emotions; sport; training.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Emotions*
  • Female
  • Goals*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Physical Conditioning, Human / psychology*
  • Running / psychology
  • Shame*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires