Spatial phase-shift dual-beam speckle interferometry

Appl Opt. 2018 Jan 20;57(3):414-419. doi: 10.1364/AO.57.000414.


The spatial phase-shift technique has been successfully applied to an out-of-plane speckle interferometry system. Its application to a pure in-plane sensitive system has not been reported yet. This paper presents a novel optical configuration that enables the application of the spatial phase-shift technique to pure in-plane sensitive dual-beam speckle interferometry. The new spatial phase-shift dual-beam speckle interferometry (SPS-DBSP) uses a dual-beam in-plane electronic speckle pattern interferometry configuration with individual aperture shears, avoiding the interference in the object plane by the use of a low-coherence source, and different optical paths. The measured object is illuminated by two incoherent beams that are generated by a delay line, which is larger than the coherence length of the laser. The two beams reflected from the object surface interfere with each other at the CCD plane because of different optical paths. A spatial phase shift is introduced by the angle between the two apertures when they are mapped to the same optical axis. The phase of the in-plane deformation can directly be extracted from the speckle patterns by the Fourier transform method. The capability of SPS-DBSI is demonstrated by theoretical discussion as well as experiments.