The TEMPO Trial at 5 Years: Transoral Fundoplication (TIF 2.0) Is Safe, Durable, and Cost-effective

Surg Innov. 2018 Apr;25(2):149-157. doi: 10.1177/1553350618755214. Epub 2018 Feb 6.


Background: Questions remain about the therapeutic durability of transoral incisionless fundoplication (TIF). In this study, clinical outcomes were evaluated at 5 years post-TIF 2.0.

Methods: A total of 63 chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) sufferers with troublesome symptoms refractory to proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy, absent or ≤2 cm hiatal hernia, and abnormal esophageal acid exposure were randomized to the TIF group or PPI group. Following the 6-month evaluation, all patients in the PPI group elected for crossover to TIF; therefore, all 63 patients underwent TIF 2.0 with EsophyX2 device. Primary outcome was elimination of daily troublesome regurgitation and atypical symptoms at the 5-year follow-up. Secondary outcomes were improvement in symptom scores, PPI use, reoperations, and patient health satisfaction. The cost-effectiveness of TIF 2.0 was also estimated.

Results: Of 63 patients, 60 were available at 1 year, 52 at 3 years, and 44 at 5 years for evaluation. Troublesome regurgitation was eliminated in 88% of patients at 1 year, 90% at 3 years, and 86% at 5 years. Resolution of troublesome atypical symptoms was achieved in 82% of patients at 1 year, 88% at 3 years, and 80% at 5 years. No serious adverse events occurred. There were 3 reoperations by the end of the 5-year follow-up. At the 5-year follow-up, 34% of patients were on daily PPI therapy as compared with 100% of patients at screening. The total GERD Health-related quality-of-life score improved by decreasing from 22.2 to 6.8 at 5 years ( P < .001).

Conclusion: In this patient population, the TIF 2.0 procedure provided safe and sustained long-term elimination of troublesome GERD symptoms.

Keywords: EsophyX; atypical GERD symptoms; heartburn; proton pump inhibitor (PPI); regurgitation; transoral incisionless fundoplication (TIF).

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Female
  • Fundoplication* / adverse effects
  • Fundoplication* / economics
  • Fundoplication* / methods
  • Fundoplication* / statistics & numerical data
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Proton Pump Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Reoperation / statistics & numerical data
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Proton Pump Inhibitors