College alcohol beliefs and drinking consequences: A multiple mediation analysis of norms, expectancies, and willingness to experience drinking consequences

J Am Coll Health. 2018 Apr;66(3):209-218. doi: 10.1080/07448481.2018.1431893. Epub 2018 Mar 5.

Abstract

Objective: We explored the potential mediating role of willingness to experience drinking consequences and other traditional alcohol outcome predictors (descriptive norms, injunctive norms, positive alcohol expectancies) in explaining the association between college alcohol beliefs 1 (CABs) and the actual experience of drinking consequences among college students.

Participants: The sample consisted of 415 college students tested in October 2014.

Methods: Participants responded to an online survey.

Results: When compared to both types of norms and positive alcohol expectancies, CABs demonstrated the strongest associations to both willingness to experience drinking consequences and actual drinking consequences among college students. A multiple mediation analysis revealed that the impact of CABs on students' actual drinking consequences was mediated only through their willingness to experience drinking consequences.

Conclusions: Students' college alcohol beliefs and their corresponding willingness to experience drinking consequences should be targeted in prevention and intervention programs designed to address the problem of college student drinking.

Keywords: College alcohol beliefs; descriptive norms; injunctive norms; willingness to experience drinking consequences.

MeSH terms

  • Alcohol Abstinence / psychology*
  • Alcohol Drinking in College / psychology*
  • Alcohol-Related Disorders / psychology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Set, Psychology
  • Social Control, Informal
  • Social Perception*
  • Social Values
  • Students / psychology*
  • Students / statistics & numerical data
  • Universities
  • Young Adult