Hypophosphatasia: oral cavity and dental disorders

Arch Pediatr. 2017 May;24(5S2):5S80-5S84. doi: 10.1016/S0929-693X(18)30020-4.


Dental anomalies exist in every subtype of hypophosphatasia (HPP), from the most severe to the most moderate, called odontohypophosphatasia. The forms are defined by the age at onset of the initial symptoms. These anomalies affect all dental mineralized tissues from enamel, dentin and cementum to alveolar bone in a gradient proportional to the severity of the disease. Early loss of the deciduous teeth, before 3 years of age, and then possibly of the permanent teeth, is due to an abnormality of the cementum, the tissue attaching the teeth to alveolar bone, and is the most frequent abnormality. Tooth loss is a very important diagnostic sign and needs to be recognized. Patients with HPP need specialized oral and dental care in coordination with the reference and expert centers. The oral and dental signs and their treatment remain poorly known. The recording of the abnormalities and their treatment in a registry is indispensable in order to enhance patient management and oral and dental health.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alkaline Phosphatase / blood
  • Alveolar Process / pathology
  • Biomarkers / blood
  • Dental Cementum / pathology
  • Dental Enamel / pathology
  • Dentin / pathology
  • Humans
  • Hypophosphatasia / blood
  • Hypophosphatasia / complications
  • Hypophosphatasia / diagnosis*
  • Mouth / pathology*
  • Risk Factors
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Tooth Abnormalities / diagnosis*
  • Tooth Abnormalities / etiology
  • Tooth Demineralization / congenital
  • Tooth Demineralization / diagnosis
  • Tooth Loss / diagnosis*


  • Biomarkers
  • Alkaline Phosphatase

Supplementary concepts

  • Odontohypophosphatasia