Evaluation of Dräger DrugTest 5000 in a Naturalistic Setting

J Anal Toxicol. 2018 May 1;42(4):248-254. doi: 10.1093/jat/bky003.


Reliable field testing devices for psychoactive drugs would be useful tools for the police for detecting drug-impaired drivers. The Norwegian Mobile Police Service (NMPS) started using Dräger DrugTest 5000 (DDT5000) in 2015 as an on-site screening instrument for drugs in samples of oral fluid. The aim of this study was to compare the results of field testing of DDT5000 with drug findings in blood and oral fluid samples taken from drivers suspected for driving under the influence of drugs (DUID). In total, 369 drivers were included in this field testing; blood samples were obtained from all of them, while oral fluid samples were collected with the Intercept device from 301 of them. The median time from field testing with DDT5000 and collection of blood and oral fluid samples was 50 min. The proportions of false positive results with DDT5000 compared to findings in blood samples above the Norwegian legal per se limits were for cannabis 14.5%, amphetamine 23.2%, methamphetamine 38.4%, cocaine 87.1%, opiates 65.9% and benzodiazepines 36.4%. The proportions of false negatives were for cannabis 13.4%, amphetamine 4.9%, methamphetamine 6.1%, cocaine 0.0%, opiates 0.0% and benzodiazepines 18.8%. Among drivers who had drug concentrations above the legal limits in blood, the proportion who tested positive using DDT5000 was 82.9% for THC, 90.8% for amphetamine, 75.7% for methamphetamine, 100.0% for cocaine, 100.0% for opiates and 37.2% for benzodiazepines. In cases with false-positive DDT5000 results compared to blood, traces of drugs were most often found in oral fluid. The DDT5000 did not absolutely correctly identify DUID offenders due to fairly large proportions of false-positive or false-negative results compared to drug concentrations in blood. The police reported that DDT5000 was still a valuable tool in identifying possible DUID offenders, resulting in more than doubling the number of apprehended DUID offenders.

MeSH terms

  • Analgesics, Opioid / analysis
  • Analgesics, Opioid / blood
  • Automobile Driving*
  • Benzodiazepines / analysis
  • Benzodiazepines / blood
  • Cocaine / analysis
  • Cocaine / blood
  • Humans
  • Methamphetamine / analysis
  • Methamphetamine / blood
  • Saliva / chemistry
  • Substance Abuse Detection / methods*


  • Analgesics, Opioid
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Methamphetamine
  • Cocaine