Background: Although various minimally invasive procedures for chronic ankle instability are increasingly being used, a question regarding whether these procedures can be a viable alternative of the modified Broström procedure remains controversial. This study was conducted to compare the intermediate-term clinical outcomes between lateral ligaments augmentation using suture-tape and modified Broström repair in a selected cohort of patients.
Methods: Sixty female patients with chronic lateral ankle instability were randomly assigned and underwent surgical treatments by one surgeon. Twenty-eight patients with suture-tape augmentation and 27 modified Broström procedures were followed ≥2 years and analysed in this comparative study. The clinical evaluation included the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS), Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM), and stress radiographs. Medical expense related with operation was analysed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness.
Results: There were no statistically significant differences in the clinical outcomes between two procedures based on FAOS, FAAM, recurrence rate of instability, and stress radiographs. Total medical expense was approximately 1.3 times more in the suture-tape group (P<0.001), despite shorter operation time.
Conclusions: Lateral ankle ligaments augmentation using suture-tape showed the similar clinical outcomes but low cost-effectiveness, as compared to modified Broström repair for young female patients with chronic ankle instability.
Keywords: Chronic ankle instability; Clinical outcomes; Cost-effectiveness; Modified Broström repair; Suture-tape augmentation.
Copyright © 2017 European Foot and Ankle Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.