Treatment of ruptured deep-seated arteriovenous malformations is challenging and associated with elevated risks. This is due to the proximity or involvement of critical brain structures and the specifically fine and delicate angioarchitecture of these lesions, making both endovascular and surgical access technically complicated. We present the advantages of a true combined, open surgical and endovascular transvenous approach in a hybrid operating room. The technique may overcome in part the difficulties and may improve safety and risk related concerns.
Keywords: Arteriovenous malformation; Embolization; Hybrid operation; Onyx; Transvenous embolization.
Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.