Studies on DNA polymerases of Xenopus laevis oocytes: subcellular distribution and physical association of DNA polymerase alpha inside the nucleus

Biol Cell. 1986;56(1):23-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1768-322x.1986.tb00439.x.


The localization of DNA polymerases in Xenopus laevis oocytes and eggs was studied. Oocytes have a high level of DNA polymerase alpha activity detected exclusively in the nuclei, while mitochondria contain all the DNA polymerase activity of the gamma type. No DNA polymerase beta activity is present in the nuclear fraction. Moreover, the beta activity is not present in unfertilized eggs. In oocytes, DNA polymerase alpha is weakly bound to the nucleoplasm. The leakage of the enzyme from whole nuclei can be prevented using polyvinylpyrrolidone, a nuclear pore sealing agent.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Nucleus / enzymology
  • DNA Polymerase I / metabolism
  • DNA Polymerase II / metabolism
  • DNA Polymerase III / metabolism
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase / metabolism*
  • Female
  • Mitochondria / enzymology
  • Oocytes / enzymology*
  • Ovum / enzymology
  • Subcellular Fractions / enzymology
  • Xenopus laevis / metabolism*


  • DNA Polymerase I
  • DNA Polymerase II
  • DNA Polymerase III
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase