Excitons and Trions in One-Photon- and Two-Photon-Excited MoS2 : A Study in Dispersions

Adv Mater. 2018 Mar;30(12):e1706702. doi: 10.1002/adma.201706702. Epub 2018 Feb 7.

Abstract

Herein, various dispersions of MoS2 obtained by means of liquid phase exfoliation are spectroscopically, (spectro-) electrochemically, and microscopically characterized. At the core of these studies are transient absorption assays. Importantly, small-angle X-ray scattering measurements are employed to corroborate the exfoliated character of the MoS2 flakes in dispersion, on the one hand, and to correlate the results with TEM, AFM, and Raman characterization in the solid state, on the other. It is, then, demonstrated that transient absorption spectroscopy responds sensitively not only to changes in the sample preparation but also to instrumental and environmental parameters. It is documented that the spectroscopic features and their underlying lifetimes are tuneable on the femto-, pico-, and nanosecond scales by changing, for example, the centrifugation speed, the pump fluence, or the temperature. In other words, transient absorption spectroscopy provides an in situ method to quantitatively characterize liquid dispersions of MoS2 without facing the problems of reaggregated samples due to their drying for microscopic assays. The most far reaching results stem from resonantly and nonresonantly changing the pump fluence to characterize either single- or multiple-excited-state species such as excitons, trions, and bi-/multiexcitons and to follow their formation and deactivation pattern.

Keywords: 2D materials; MoS2; pump-probe spectroscopy; small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS).