Executive summary: Diagnosis and Treatment of Catheter-Related Bloodstream Infection: Clinical Guidelines of the Spanish Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (SEIMC) and the Spanish Society of Intensive Care Medicine and Coronary Units (SEMICYUC)

Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin (Engl Ed). 2018 Feb;36(2):112-119. doi: 10.1016/j.eimc.2017.10.019.
[Article in English, Spanish]


Catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) constitute an important cause of hospital-acquired infection associated with morbidity, mortality, and cost. The aim of these guidelines is to provide updated recommendations for the diagnosis and management of CRBSI in adults. Prevention of CRBSI is excluded. Experts in the field were designated by the two participating Societies (Sociedad Española de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica and the Sociedad Española de Medicina Intensiva, Crítica y Unidades Coronarias). Short-term peripheral venous catheters, non-tunneled and long-term central venous catheters, tunneled catheters and hemodialysis catheters are covered by these guidelines. The panel identified 39 key topics that were formulated in accordance with the PICO format. The strength of the recommendations and quality of the evidence were graded in accordance with ESCMID guidelines. Recommendations are made for the diagnosis of CRBSI with and without catheter removal and of tunnel infection. The document establishes the clinical situations in which a conservative diagnosis of CRBSI (diagnosis without catheter removal) is feasible. Recommendations are also made regarding empirical therapy, pathogen-specific treatment (coagulase-negative staphylococci, Sthaphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus spp, Gram-negative bacilli, and Candida spp), antibiotic lock therapy, diagnosis and management of suppurative thrombophlebitis and local complications.

Keywords: Antibioterapia; Antibiotic; Bacteremia; Bacteriemia; Bacteriemia relacionada con catéter; Blood cultures; Catheter-related bloodstream infection; Guidelines; Guía de práctica clínica; Hemocultivos.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / administration & dosage
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
  • Bacteremia / diagnosis
  • Bacteremia / drug therapy
  • Bacteremia / etiology
  • Bacteriological Techniques
  • Blood Culture
  • Catheter-Related Infections / diagnosis*
  • Catheter-Related Infections / drug therapy*
  • Catheterization, Central Venous / adverse effects
  • Catheterization, Peripheral / adverse effects
  • Catheters / adverse effects
  • Catheters / microbiology
  • Cross Infection / diagnosis
  • Cross Infection / drug therapy
  • Cross Infection / etiology
  • Device Removal
  • Equipment Contamination
  • Fungemia / diagnosis
  • Fungemia / drug therapy
  • Fungemia / etiology
  • Humans
  • Mycology / methods
  • Renal Dialysis
  • Vascular Access Devices / adverse effects
  • Vascular Access Devices / microbiology


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents