Background: Clobenpropit, a potent antagonist/inverse agonist at the histamine H3 receptor (H3R), reduced the cytotoxic action of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) in neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells transfected with the human H3R. We therefore set out to study whether this effect involved a receptor-independent action on dopamine transport.
Methods: The uptake of [3H]-dopamine was assayed in SH-SY5Y cells and rat striatal or cerebro-cortical isolated nerve terminals (synaptosomes). Clobenpropit binding to the human norepinephrine (NET) and dopamine (DAT) transporters was analyzed by molecular modeling.
Results: In SH-SY5Y cells, [3H]-dopamine uptake was inhibited by desipramine (selective NET inhibitor), GBR-12909 (selective DAT inhibitor), and fluoxetine (selective inhibitor of the serotonin transporter, SERT) with IC50 values 37, 537, and 2800nM, respectively. The potency rank order indicates that [3H]-dopamine uptake is primarily performed by NET. Clobenpropit inhibited [3H]-dopamine uptake (maximum inhibition 82.7±2.8%, IC50 490nM), and the effect was reproduced by the H3R antagonist/inverse agonist iodophenpropit, but not by the agonists R-α-methylhistamine and immepip or the antagonists/inverse agonists ciproxifan and A-331440. Clobenpropit also inhibited [3H]-dopamine uptake by rat striatal and cerebro-cortical synaptosomes (-54.6±11.3% and -46.3±9.6%, respectively, at 10μM). Modeling of the human NET and DAT obtained by homology from the crystal of Drosophila melanogaster DAT showed that clobenpropit can bind to a site also recognized in both transporters by nisoxetine, a potent NET inhibitor.
Conclusion: These data indicate a direct inhibitory effect of clobenpropit on catecholamine transport.
Keywords: Clobenpropit; Dopamine transporter; Histamine H(3) receptor; Norepinephrine transporter; SH-SY5Y cells.
Copyright © 2017 Institute of Pharmacology, Polish Academy of Sciences. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.