Mechanism of replication of ultraviolet-irradiated single-stranded DNA by DNA polymerase III holoenzyme of Escherichia coli. Implications for SOS mutagenesis

J Biol Chem. 1986 Jul 15;261(20):9526-33.


Replication of UV-irradiated oligodeoxynucleotide-primed single-stranded phi X174 DNA with Escherichia coli DNA polymerase III holoenzyme in the presence of single-stranded DNA-binding protein was investigated. The extent of initiation of replication on the primed single-stranded DNA was not altered by the presence of UV-induced lesions in the DNA. The elongation step exhibited similar kinetics when either unirradiated or UV-irradiated templates were used. Inhibition of the 3'----5' proofreading exonucleolytic activity of the polymerase by dGMP or by a mutD mutation did not increase bypass of pyrimidine photodimers, and neither did purified RecA protein influence the extent of photodimer bypass as judged by the fraction of full length DNA synthesized. Single-stranded DNA-binding protein stimulated bypass since in its absence the fraction of full length DNA decreased 5-fold. Termination of replication at putative pyrimidine dimers involved dissociation of the polymerase from the DNA, which could then reinitiate replication at other available primer templates. Based on these observations a model for SOS-induced UV mutagenesis is proposed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bacteriophage phi X 174
  • DNA Polymerase III / metabolism*
  • DNA Replication*
  • DNA, Single-Stranded / radiation effects*
  • DNA, Viral / radiation effects
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / pharmacology
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase / metabolism*
  • Escherichia coli / metabolism*
  • Kinetics
  • Mutation
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides / metabolism
  • Pyrimidine Dimers / metabolism
  • Templates, Genetic
  • Ultraviolet Rays*


  • DNA, Single-Stranded
  • DNA, Viral
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides
  • Pyrimidine Dimers
  • DNA Polymerase III
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase