A novel approach to determine primary stability of acetabular press-fit cups

J Mech Behav Biomed Mater. 2018 Apr;80:1-10. doi: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2018.01.015.


Today hip cups are used in a large variety of design variants and in increasing numbers of units. Their development is steadily progressing. In addition to conventional manufacturing methods for hip cups, additive methods, in particular, play an increasingly important role as development progresses. The present paper describes a modified cup model developed based on a commercially available press-fit cup (Allofit 54/JJ). The press-fit cup was designed in two variants and manufactured using selective laser melting (SLM). Variant 1 (Ti) was modeled on the Allofit cup using an adapted process technology. Variant 2 (Ti-S) was provided with a porous load bearing structure on its surface. In addition to the typical (complete) geometry, both variants were also manufactured and tested in a reduced shape where only the press-fit area was formed. To assess the primary stability of the press-fit cups in the artificial bone cavity, pull-out and lever-out tests were carried out. Exact fit conditions and two-millimeter press-fit were investigated. The closed-cell PU foam used as an artificial bone cavity was mechanically characterized to exclude any influence on the results of the investigation. The pull-out forces of the Ti-variant (complete-526 N, reduced-468 N) and the Ti-S variant (complete-548 N, reduced-526 N) as well as the lever-out moments of the Ti-variant (complete-10 Nm, reduced-9.8 Nm) and the Ti-S variant (complete-9 Nm, reduced-7.9 N) show no significant differences in the results between complete and reduced cups. The results show that the use of reduced cups in a press-fit design is possible within the scope of development work.

Keywords: Press-fit; Primary stability; Selective laser melting; Ti6Al4V.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acetabulum / surgery
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip*
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Equipment Failure Analysis
  • Hip Prosthesis*
  • Humans
  • Pressure
  • Prosthesis Design*
  • Weight-Bearing