Prevalencia de síntomas de enfermedad de la superficie ocular en pacientes que acuden a consulta oftalmológica

Gac Med Mex. 2017;153(7):769-774. doi: 10.24875/GMM.17002885.

Abstract

Objective: To determine the prevalence of symptoms of ocular surface disease (OSDI) surface disease and its relationship with associated risk factors in patients of ophthalmic practices using OSDI questionnaire.

Method: A cross-sectional survey was conducted Between September and December 2014 to assess the prevalence and risk factors for OSDI.

Results: The OSDI average value was 40.46 ± 23.62 points, with 86.4% of patients (1967) having a OSDI score higher than 12 points. Women had OSDI symptoms more frequently than men (odds ratio: 1.17; 95% confidence interval: 1.08-1.28) and higher OSDI score (42.12 ± 24.03 vs. 38.01 ± 22.81 points). Patients without disease were younger than the patients with severe disease (45.30 ± 18.32 vs. 50.62 ± 18.86).

Conclusions: Ophthalmological patients have a prevalence of 80.4% of OSDI. Female and older age was associated with ocular surface disease.

Keywords: Dry eye; Ocular surface disease; Ocular surface disease questionnaire; Ophthalmic patients; Risk factors.

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Confidence Intervals
  • Conjunctival Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Prevalence
  • Sex Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Xerophthalmia / epidemiology