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. 2018 Jan 24;14:167-171.
doi: 10.2147/TCRM.S155488. eCollection 2018.

Biological Therapy of Traditional Therapy-Resistant Adult-Onset Still's Disease: An Evidence-Based Review

Free PMC article

Biological Therapy of Traditional Therapy-Resistant Adult-Onset Still's Disease: An Evidence-Based Review

Sha Zhou et al. Ther Clin Risk Manag. .
Free PMC article


Background: Biotherapy is becoming increasingly important in the treatment of adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD). The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of biological therapy for AOSD resistant to traditional therapy.

Patients and methods: Database of Library of Congress, the PubMed, and Web of Science Core Collection were used to retrieve relevant articles published in English language until March 2017. Only studies published in English language were included, and the additional references quoted in these articles were also checked. Articles concerning the efficacy and safety of all the biotherapies in refractory AOSD were evaluated.

Results: There were 112 articles available in total; 422 AOSD patients were given at least one biologic. We found that 293 patients (69.43%) had received TNF-α blocking agents (infiliximab, etanercept, and adalimumab), 194 patients (45.97%) were treated with IL-1 receptor antagonists (anakinra, rilonacept, and canakinumab), 163 patients (38.63%) were given IL-6 inhibitor (tocilizumab), and 24 patients (5.69%) received rituximab and abatacept. The efficacy of biological therapy and overall tolerance of biological therapy for refractory AOSD were good. Thirty two of 271 patients given anti-TNF-α therapies (11.81%), 116 patients receiving IL-1 inhibitors (65.54%), 124 patients receiving tocilizumab (76.07%), and 13 patients given other biological therapies (36.11%) achieved remission. Side effects of biologic therapy were infections such as urinary tract infections and soft tissue abscess.

Conclusion: Our findings suggest that anakinra and tocilizumab may be good choices for the treatment of refractory AOSD considering the effectiveness and safety.

Keywords: adult-onset Still’s disease; anakinra; biological therapy; side effects; toclizumab; treatment.

Conflict of interest statement

Disclosure The authors report no conflicts of interest in this work.

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