Effect of extended hours dialysis on sleep quality in a randomized trial

Nephrology (Carlton). 2019 Apr;24(4):430-437. doi: 10.1111/nep.13236.


Aim: Poor sleep quality is common in haemodialysis patients and associated with worse outcomes. In this pre-specified analysis, we examined the impact of extended hours haemodialysis on sleep quality.

Methods: The ACTIVE Dialysis trial randomized 200 participants to extended (≥24 h/week) or standard (target 12-15 h) hours haemodialysis over 12 months. Sleep quality was measured in the Kidney Disease Quality of Life Short Form 1.3 (KDQOL-SF) by overall sleep quality score (0-10, 10 = 'very good') and the sleep subscale (0-100, 100 = 'best possible sleep') every 3 months via blinded telephone interview. The average intervention effect was calculated by mixed linear regression adjusted by time point and baseline score. Factors predicting sleep quality were assessed by multivariate regression analysis.

Results: Overall sleep quality score and sleep subscale at baseline were similar in both groups (5.9 [95%CI 5.4-6.4] vs. 6.3 [5.9-6.8]; 65.0 [60.9-69.1] vs. 63.2 [59.1-67.3]; extended and standard hours, respectively). Extended hours haemodialysis led to a non-significant improvement in overall sleep quality score (average intervention effect 0.44 (-0.01 to 0.89), P = 0.053) and sleep subscale (average intervention effect 3.58 (-0.02 to 7.18), P = 0.051). Poor sleep quality was associated with being female and with current smoking. Sleep quality was positively associated with EuroQol-5D (EQ5D) and the SF-36 Physical Component and Mental Component Summary Scores but not with hospitalizations.

Conclusion: Sleep quality was not significantly improved by extended hours dialysis in this study. Sleep quality is positively correlated with quality of life in haemodialysis patients and is poorer in women and current smokers.

Keywords: health status; quality of life; randomized controlled trial; renal dialysis; sleep.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Australia
  • Canada
  • China
  • Female
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • New Zealand
  • Quality of Life
  • Renal Dialysis / adverse effects*
  • Renal Dialysis / methods*
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / diagnosis
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / physiopathology
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / therapy*
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / diagnosis
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / etiology*
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / physiopathology
  • Sleep*
  • Smoking / adverse effects
  • Smoking / physiopathology
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome