Background: Alcohol use is reported accurately among pregnant women in some populations.
Methods: Self-reported alcohol use via the AUDIT and 90-day recall for 193 women from antenatal clinics was compared to biomarker results: phosphatidylethanol (PEth) from bloodspots and ethyl glucuronide (EtG) in fingernails.
Results: AUDIT was positive for 67.9% of respondents, and 65.3% directly reported drinking. Individual biomarkers detected less drinking (PEth = 57.0%, EtG = 38.9%) than self-report. But 64.8% had drinking-positive values (>8 ng) on one or both biomarkers, which was not significantly different from self-report. Biomarkers indicated that 3.1% -6.8% of drinkers denied drinking. Combined biomarker sensitivity was 95% -80% and specificity 49% -76% for drinking in the previous 7-90 days. Combined biomarker results have their best yield (89.6%) and accuracy (78.8%) when measuring 90 day drinking.
Conclusions: Women reported their alcohol use accurately, and the combined use of PEth and EtG is supported.
Keywords: AUDIT; Alcohol; Biomarkers of alcohol use; Ethyl glucuronide (EtG); Phosphatidylethanol (PEth); Quantity and frequency of drinking; Self-report of alcohol use.
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.