Left ventricular diastolic filling in children with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: assessment with pulsed Doppler echocardiography

J Am Coll Cardiol. 1986 Aug;8(2):310-6. doi: 10.1016/s0735-1097(86)80045-6.

Abstract

Altered left ventricular filling patterns in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy have been demonstrated by M-mode echocardiographic and radionuclide techniques. Because pulsed Doppler ultrasound provides the capability to directly measure blood flow velocity across the mitral valve, it was hypothesized that this technique would be useful for demonstrating left ventricular filling abnormalities. Simultaneous Doppler ultrasound examination of the left ventricular inflow, M-mode echocardiograms and phonocardiograms were performed in 17 children and young adults: 10 with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (aged 6 to 20 years) and 7 with a normal heart (aged 10 to 18 years). From the Doppler studies, measurements of various diastolic time intervals, peak flow velocity during rapid filling (E velocity) and peak flow velocity during atrial contraction (A velocity) were made. Several areas within the Doppler flow envelope were calculated: first 33% of diastole (0.33 area), first 50% of diastole, triangle under the E velocity (E area) and triangle under the A velocity (A area). These were expressed as a percent of area under the total flow envelope. From the M-mode studies, left ventricular endocardial echoes were digitized and peak rates of increase in left ventricular dimension were determined and normalized for end-diastolic dimension. Diastolic time intervals, including isovolumic relaxation time, were calculated using the phonocardiogram to determine end-systole. The E velocity was lower (0.71 +/- 0.23 versus 0.91 +/- 0.11 m/s, p less than 0.05), 0.33 area/total area was less (0.46 +/- 0.11 versus 0.58 +/- 0.08, p less than 0.05) and the isovolumic relaxation time was prolonged (56 +/- 2 versus 31 +/- 1 ms, p less than 0.05) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic / diagnosis*
  • Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic / physiopathology
  • Child
  • Diastole
  • Echocardiography
  • Humans
  • Mitral Valve / physiopathology
  • Myocardial Contraction
  • Rheology
  • Ultrasonics