Cellular immune regulation in the pathogenesis of ANCA-associated vasculitides

Autoimmun Rev. 2018 Apr;17(4):413-421. doi: 10.1016/j.autrev.2017.12.002. Epub 2018 Feb 9.


Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitides (AAV) are systemic autoimmune diseases characterized by necrotizing inflammation of small- to medium-sized blood vessels, affecting primarily the lungs and kidneys. Both animal and human studies show that the balance between inflammatory- and regulatory T- and B cells determines the AAV disease pathogenesis. Recent evidence shows malfunctioning of the regulatory lymphocyte compartment in AAV. In this review we summarize the immune regulatory properties of both T- and B cells in patients with AAV and discuss how aberrations herein might contribute to the disease pathogenesis.

Keywords: ANCA; B regulatory cells; T regulatory cells; Vasculitides.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis / immunology*
  • Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis / pathology
  • Humans
  • Immunity, Cellular / immunology*