Macrophages and lipid metabolism

Cell Immunol. 2018 Aug;330:27-42. doi: 10.1016/j.cellimm.2018.01.020. Epub 2018 Feb 2.

Abstract

Distinct macrophage populations throughout the body display highly heterogeneous transcriptional and epigenetic programs. Recent research has highlighted that these profiles enable the different macrophage populations to perform distinct functions as required in their tissue of residence, in addition to the prototypical macrophage functions such as in innate immunity. These 'extra' tissue-specific functions have been termed accessory functions. One such putative accessory function is lipid metabolism, with macrophages in the lung and liver in particular being associated with this function. As it is now appreciated that cell metabolism not only provides energy but also greatly influences the phenotype and function of the cell, here we review how lipid metabolism affects macrophage phenotype and function and the specific roles played by macrophages in the pathogenesis of lipid-related diseases. In addition, we highlight the current questions limiting our understanding of the role of macrophages in lipid metabolism.

Keywords: AMD; Atherosclerosis; Lipid metabolism; Macrophages; NAFLD; PAP.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Atherosclerosis / immunology
  • Atherosclerosis / metabolism
  • Cholesterol / immunology*
  • Cholesterol / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Lipid Droplets / immunology
  • Lipid Droplets / metabolism
  • Lipid Metabolism / immunology*
  • Macrophages / immunology*
  • Macrophages / metabolism
  • Models, Immunological
  • Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease / immunology
  • Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease / metabolism

Substances

  • Cholesterol