Flexible Bronchoscopy

Clin Chest Med. 2018 Mar;39(1):1-16. doi: 10.1016/j.ccm.2017.09.002. Epub 2017 Nov 29.


Flexible bronchoscopy has changed the course of pulmonary medicine. As technology advances, the role of the flexible bronchoscope for both diagnostic and therapeutic indications is continually expanding. This article reviews the historical development of the flexible bronchoscopy, fundamental uses of the flexible bronchoscope as a tool to examine the central airways and obtain diagnostic tissue, and the indications, complications, and contraindications to flexible bronchoscopy.

Keywords: Bronchial brush; Bronchoalveolar lavage; Flexible bronchoscopy; Transbronchial lung biopsy; Transbronchial needle aspiration.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bronchoscopy / methods*
  • Humans