Targeting the pains of food insecurity and malnutrition among internally displaced persons with nutrient synergy and analgesics in organ meat

Food Res Int. 2018 Feb;104:48-58. doi: 10.1016/j.foodres.2016.11.038. Epub 2016 Dec 1.


Living with pain is one of the distressing effects of food insecurity and malnutrition among millions of internally displaced persons (IDPs) worldwide. Vulnerability to emotional pain, metabolic imbalance, chronic illnesses and non-communicable diseases by IDPs are associated with stressed livelihood and restricted access to balanced diets in their camps. Tackling the complexity of issues related to internal displacement is challenging as 45% are globally trapped in protracted conditions. In this review, a diet-based intervention is proposed considering the potential benefits of nutrient synergy and analgesic constituents in organ meat. Providing an affordable, value added and well packaged nutrient dense diet is suggested to meet daily protein and micronutrient requirements from organ meat. Also, unlocking health-promoting bioactive substances and analgesics in restructured organ meat product is proposed as personalized dietary remedy to exert opioid bioactivity in food matrix. Exploiting the nutrient synergy of this animal by-product will not only improve the nutritional status or wellbeing but also raise the composite score of dietary diversity or food security index among IDPs by 2030.

Keywords: Coping-mechanism; Encapsulation; Hunger-pain; Nutrient synergy; Nutrigenetics; Offal.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Analgesics / administration & dosage*
  • Animals
  • Diet, Healthy
  • Emotions
  • Food Supply*
  • Food, Fortified / supply & distribution*
  • Global Health
  • Humans
  • Hunger
  • Malnutrition / epidemiology
  • Malnutrition / physiopathology
  • Malnutrition / prevention & control*
  • Malnutrition / psychology
  • Meat / supply & distribution*
  • Nutritional Status
  • Nutritive Value*
  • Pain / epidemiology
  • Pain / physiopathology
  • Pain / prevention & control*
  • Pain / psychology
  • Recommended Dietary Allowances
  • Refugees / psychology*


  • Analgesics