Recent Intimate Partner Violence and Housing Instability Among Women Veterans

Am J Prev Med. 2018 Apr;54(4):584-590. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2018.01.020. Epub 2018 Feb 9.


Introduction: Women Veterans are at increased risk of both housing instability and intimate partner violence compared with their non-Veteran counterparts. The objectives of the present study were (1) to assess the relationship between women Veterans' experience of intimate partner violence and various indicators of housing instability, and (2) to assess what correlates help to explain experiences of housing instability among women Veterans who experienced past-year intimate partner violence.

Methods: Data were collected from U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs electronic medical records for 8,427 women Veterans who were screened for past-year intimate partner violence between April 2014 and April 2016 at 13 Veterans Affairs' facilities. Logistic regressions performed during 2017 assessed the relationship between past-year intimate partner violence and housing instability.

Results: A total of 8.4% of the sample screened positive for intimate partner violence and 11.3% for housing instability. Controlling for age and race, a positive intimate partner violence screen increased odds of housing instability by a factor of 3. Women Veterans with past-year intimate partner violence were more likely to have an indicator of housing instability if they identified as African American, had screened positive for military sexual trauma, or had a substance use disorder; receiving compensation for a disability incurred during military service and being married were protective.

Conclusions: For women Veterans, intimate partner violence interventions should assess for both physical and psychological housing needs, and housing interventions should coordinate with intimate partner violence programs to address common barriers to resources.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Electronic Health Records / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Housing / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Intimate Partner Violence / prevention & control
  • Intimate Partner Violence / statistics & numerical data*
  • Middle Aged
  • Military Family / psychology
  • Military Family / statistics & numerical data*
  • Risk Factors
  • Spouse Abuse / prevention & control
  • Spouse Abuse / statistics & numerical data*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology
  • Veterans / statistics & numerical data*
  • Young Adult