Cancer and aging in Ibero-America

Clin Transl Oncol. 2018 Sep;20(9):1117-1126. doi: 10.1007/s12094-018-1844-1. Epub 2018 Feb 12.


Population aging represents a worldwide challenge. In Ibero-America (Spain, Portugal, and the American countries in which the Spanish or Portuguese language are spoken), the number of older adults is growing, leading to an increase in aging-related diseases such as cancer. Older adults already account for half of all cancer cases in Ibero-America, and this proportion will continue to increase. Furthermore, Ibero-American healthcare systems are not adequately prepared to provide care for older adults with cancer, mainly due to a lack of resources and generalized paucity of geriatric training for healthcare providers. Across the region, several clinical initiatives, educational activities and research collaborations have been established to set the foundations of Ibero-American geriatric oncology and to increase the geriatric knowledge among healthcare providers. This article provides an overview of the current landscape of geriatric oncology in Ibero-America, highlighting its critical challenges, opportunities for improvement and collaboration, and future directions.

Keywords: Aging; Geriatric oncology; Global oncology; Latin America; Portugal; Spain.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aging*
  • Delivery of Health Care
  • Geriatrics*
  • Humans
  • Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Portugal / epidemiology
  • Spain / epidemiology