Conventional and Ambulatory Blood Pressure as Predictors of Diastolic Left Ventricular Function in a Flemish Population

J Am Heart Assoc. 2018 Feb 8;7(4):e007868. doi: 10.1161/JAHA.117.007868.


Background: No longitudinal study compared associations of echocardiographic indexes of diastolic left ventricular function studies with conventional (CBP) and daytime ambulatory (ABP) blood pressure in the general population.

Methods and results: In 780 Flemish (mean age, 50.2 years; 51.7% women), we measured left atrial volume index (LAVI), peak velocities of the transmitral blood flow (E) and mitral annular movement (e') in early diastole and E/e' 9.6 years (median) after CBP and ABP. In adjusted models including CBP and ABP, we expressed associations per 10/5-mm Hg systolic/diastolic blood pressure increments. LAVI and E/e' were 0.65/0.40 mL/m2 and 0.17/0.09 greater with higher systolic/diastolic ABP (P≤0.028), but not with higher baseline CBP (P≥0.086). e' was lower (P≤0.032) with higher diastolic CBP (-0.09 cm/s) and ABP (-0.19 cm/s). When we substituted baseline CBP by CBP recorded concurrently with echocardiography, LAVI and E/e' remained 0.45/0.38 mL/m2 and 0.15/0.08 greater with baseline ABP (P≤0.036), while LAVI (+0.53 mL/m2) and E/e' (+0.19) were also greater (P<0.001) in relation to concurrent systolic CBP. In categorized analyses of baseline data, sustained hypertension or masked hypertension compared with normotension or white-coat hypertension was associated with greater LAVI (24.0 versus 22.6 mL/m2) and E/e' (7.35 versus 6.91) and lower e' (10.7 versus 11.6 cm/s; P≤0.006 for all) with no differences (P≥0.092) between normotension and white-coat hypertension or between masked hypertension and sustained hypertension.

Conclusions: ABP is a long-term predictor of diastolic left ventricular function, statistically outperforming distant but not concurrent CBP. Masked hypertension and sustained hypertension carry equal risk for deterioration of diastolic left ventricular function.

Keywords: blood pressure; blood pressure measurement/monitoring; hypertension; left ventricular diastolic dysfunction; population science.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Belgium / epidemiology
  • Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory*
  • Blood Pressure*
  • Diastole
  • Echocardiography, Doppler*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / diagnosis*
  • Hypertension / epidemiology
  • Hypertension / physiopathology*
  • Male
  • Masked Hypertension / diagnosis
  • Masked Hypertension / epidemiology
  • Masked Hypertension / physiopathology
  • Middle Aged
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Prevalence
  • Prognosis
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / diagnostic imaging*
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / epidemiology
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / physiopathology
  • Ventricular Function, Left*
  • White Coat Hypertension / diagnosis
  • White Coat Hypertension / epidemiology
  • White Coat Hypertension / physiopathology