Plane Wave SH₀ Piezoceramic Transduction Optimized Using Geometrical Parameters

Sensors (Basel). 2018 Feb 10;18(2):542. doi: 10.3390/s18020542.


Structural health monitoring is a prominent alternative to the scheduled maintenance of safety-critical components. The nondispersive nature as well as the through-thickness mode shape of the fundamental shear horizontal guided wave mode (SH 0 ) make it a particularly attractive candidate for ultrasonic guided wave structural health monitoring. However, plane wave excitation of SH 0 at a high level of purity remains challenging because of the existence of the fundamental Lamb modes (A 0 and S 0 ) below the cutoff frequency thickness product of high-order modes. This paper presents a piezoelectric transducer concept optimized for plane SH 0 wave transduction based on the transducer geometry. The transducer parameter exploration was initially performed using a simple analytical model. A 3D multiphysics finite element model was then used to refine the transducer design. Finally, an experimental validation was conducted with a 3D laser Doppler vibrometer system. The analytical model, the finite element model, and the experimental measurement showed excellent agreement. The modal selectivity of SH 0 within a 20 ∘ beam opening angle at the design frequency of 425 kHz in a 1.59 mm aluminum plate was 23 dB, and the angle of the 6 dB wavefront was 86 ∘ .

Keywords: guided waves; piezoceramic; shear horizontal waves; structural health monitoring; transducer; ultrasound.