A Quality Improvement Intervention to Improve Inpatient Pediatric Asthma Controller Accuracy

Hosp Pediatr. 2018 Mar;8(3):127-134. doi: 10.1542/hpeds.2017-0184. Epub 2018 Feb 13.

Abstract

Objectives: Our objective was to investigate if a rigorous quality improvement (QI) intervention could increase accuracy of pediatric asthma controller medications on discharge from an inpatient hospitalization.

Methods: Our interprofessional QI team developed interventions such as improving documentation and creating standardized language to ensure patients were discharged on an appropriate asthma controller medication and improve assessment of asthma symptom control. Each week of 2015-2016, the first 5 patients discharged with status asthmaticus from the pediatric wards were reviewed for documentation of the 6 asthma control questions and accuracy of the discharge controller therapy. Correct discharge medication was defined as being prescribed the age-appropriate medication and dose on the basis of baseline controller therapy, compliance with baseline medication, and responses to asthma control assessment. The weekly proportion of control questions that were accessed and correct controller medications that were prescribed were analyzed by using Nelson rules and interrupted time series.

Results: A total of 240 preintervention and 252 postintervention charts were reviewed. The primary outcome of the median proportion of patients discharged on appropriate controller therapy improved from 60% in preintervention data to 80% in the postintervention period. The process measure of proportion of asthma control questions that were assessed improved from 43% in the preintervention period to 98% by the final months of the intervention period. Both of these changes were statistically significant as per Nelson's rules and interrupted time series analyses (P = .02 and P < .001, respectively, for postintervention break).

Conclusions: An interdisciplinary QI team successfully improved the accuracy of asthma controller therapy on discharge and the inpatient assessment of asthma control questions.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Anti-Asthmatic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Asthma / physiopathology
  • Asthma / therapy*
  • Child
  • Continuity of Patient Care / organization & administration*
  • Female
  • Guideline Adherence
  • Guidelines as Topic
  • Health Services Research
  • Humans
  • Inpatients
  • Interdisciplinary Communication
  • Male
  • Medication Adherence / statistics & numerical data*
  • Patient Discharge*
  • Pediatrics*
  • Quality Improvement*

Substances

  • Anti-Asthmatic Agents