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, 7 (1), 171-180

Anxious Attachment and Excessive Acquisition: The Mediating Roles of Anthropomorphism and Distress Intolerance


Anxious Attachment and Excessive Acquisition: The Mediating Roles of Anthropomorphism and Distress Intolerance

Melissa M Norberg et al. J Behav Addict.


Background and aims Most individuals with hoarding disorder (HD) are prone to excessively acquiring new possessions. Understanding the factors that contribute to this collecting behavior will allow us to develop better treatment approaches for HD. The aim of this study was to test our assumption that an anxious attachment style is associated with a tendency to anthropomorphize comforting objects and an inability to tolerate distress, which in turn leads to excessive acquisition. Methods A total of 361 participants with subclinical to clinical acquisition problems (77.8% female) completed a series of self-report measures. Results As expected, greater anxious attachment was related to greater distress intolerance and stronger tendencies to anthropomorphize inanimate objects. In turn, greater distress intolerance and anthropomorphism were related to more excessive buying and greater acquisition of free items. Examination of the pathways and indirect effects showed support for double mediation rather than serial mediation, as distress intolerance did not predict anthropomorphism. Discussion and conclusion These novel findings, if replicated, suggest that adding treatment modules that target improving distress tolerance and reducing anthropomorphism to standard treatment for HD may lead to further reductions in excessive acquiring.

Keywords: emotion dysregulation; emotion regulation; hoarding disorder; insecure attachment; maladaptive beliefs.


<i>Figure 1</i>.
Figure 1.
Serial multiple mediation models. Note. The direct effect of anxious attachment to excessive acquisition is presented above the horizontal line, while the total effect is presented below the horizontal line. *p < .05. **p < .001

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Grant support

Funding sources: This work was supported by the International OCD Foundation (IOCDF). The IOCDF did not have any involvement in study design, or in the collection, analysis, interpretation of data, or in the writing of the report and in the decision to submit the article for publication.