Parameters influencing hand grip strength measured with the manugraphy system

BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2018 Feb 14;19(1):54. doi: 10.1186/s12891-018-1971-4.


Background: This study aimed to determine whether sex, hand length and the individual training status affect hand strength and whether these measurements differ if they are recorded using the Jamar dynamometer or a new cylindrical measuring system.

Methods: For this purpose, 152 healthy adults were examined using a new manugraphy measuring system (novel, Munich, Germany) comprising two measuring cylinders of different sizes and a Jamar electronic dynamometer with two grip positions corresponding approximately to the sizes of the cylinders. A descriptive analysis was performed as well as a correlation analysis using the Pearson correlation coefficient. To prepare predictive models, multiple linear regression analyses were carried out to determine factors that influence the force and p ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: A significant difference in the maximum and mean strength was observed that is dependent on sex, with men stronger than women, in line with expectations, and hand length, with small hands able to exert less force than large hands. No consistent increase in strength could be attributed to repetitive manual loads applied either at work or in leisure activities.

Conclusions: Both measurement techniques yielded similar results, suggesting that manugraphy is well suited for clinical research purposes because it not only takes measurements that are just as reproducible and valid as the conventional measurement technique but in doing so measures not just the total strength of a hand but also enables more precise comparisons of isolated hand regions applying dynamic measurements.

Keywords: Cylinder grip; Grip size; Grip strength; Hand length; Manugraphy system.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Hand Strength / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscle Strength / physiology
  • Muscle Strength Dynamometer / standards*
  • Sex Factors
  • Young Adult