Clinical update on central hypersomnias

J Thorac Dis. 2018 Jan;10(Suppl 1):S112-S123. doi: 10.21037/jtd.2017.10.161.


The central hypersomnias encompass a range of conditions causing persisting or intermittent excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS). These conditions therefore present not infrequently in general clinical sleep practice, and remain in the differential for patients presenting with sleepiness. Our understanding of the pathophysiology, diagnosis and management of these conditions has progressed significantly over recent years, and in this article we review this group of disorders, focussing in particular on recent changes in classification and diagnosis, pathophysiological advances, and novel treatment options.

Keywords: Kleine-Levin; Narcolepsy; hypersomnia; sleep disorders.

Publication types

  • Review