The commonality between most phospho-tyrosine signaling networks is their shared use of adaptor proteins to transduce mitogenic signals. ShcA (SHC1) is one such adaptor protein that employs two phospho-tyrosine binding domains (PTB and SH2) and key phospho-tyrosine residues to promote mammary tumorigenesis. Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTK), such as ErbB2, bind the ShcA PTB domain to promote breast tumorigenesis by engaging Grb2 downstream of the ShcA tyrosine phosphorylation sites to activate AKT/mTOR signaling. However, breast tumors also rely on the ShcA PTB domain to bind numerous negative regulators that limit activation of secondary mitogenic signaling networks. This study examines the role of PTB-independent ShcA pools in controlling breast tumor growth and resistance to tyrosine kinase inhibitors. We demonstrate that PTB-independent ShcA complexes predominately rely on the ShcA SH2 domain to activate multiple Src family kinases (SFK), including Src and Fyn, in ErbB2-positive breast cancers. Using genetic and pharmacologic approaches, we show that PTB-independent ShcA complexes augment mammary tumorigenesis by increasing the activity of the Src and Fyn tyrosine kinases in an SH2-dependent manner. This bifurcation of signaling complexes from distinct ShcA pools transduces non-redundant signals that integrate the AKT/mTOR and SFK pathways to cooperatively increase breast tumor growth and resistance to tyrosine kinase inhibitors, including lapatinib and PP2. This study mechanistically dissects how the interplay between diverse intracellular ShcA complexes impacts the tyrosine kinome to affect breast tumorigenesis.Implications: The ShcA adaptor, within distinct signaling complexes, impacts tyrosine kinase signaling, breast tumor growth, and resistance to tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Mol Cancer Res; 16(5); 894-908. ©2018 AACR.
©2018 American Association for Cancer Research.