Impact of food additives on the gut-brain axis

Physiol Behav. 2018 Aug 1;192:173-176. doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2018.02.025. Epub 2018 Feb 14.

Abstract

The mammalian intestinal tract is heavily colonized with a complex community of micro-organisms, present at a very high density, and containing an estimated amount of 1014 bacteria. The microbiota generally benefits the host, as it plays a central role in maturing the immune system, protecting against infection by entero-pathogens such as Clostridium difficile, and favoring nutrient digestion/energy extraction in our intestine. An altered microbiota, however, can become detrimental and lead to inflammation, metabolic disorders, and even altered behavior/neuroinflammation. While there are many factors involved in regulating the intestinal microbiota composition and the way it interacts with its host, this review will focus on the role played by food additives on host/microbiota relationship.

Keywords: Anxiety; Emulsifiers; Inflammation; Microbiota; Obesity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brain / immunology
  • Brain / physiology*
  • Food Additives*
  • Gastrointestinal Microbiome / immunology
  • Gastrointestinal Microbiome / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Inflammation / physiopathology
  • Inflammation / therapy

Substances

  • Food Additives